텝스 실전문법 69 - 자동사 수동태 과거분사

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2020. 1. 23. 16:46 NEW TEPS Practice Test

1.

A : How was Darren in college?

B : Believe it or not, he was ....................... .

 

A) something of hippie

B) something of a hippie

C) hippie of something

D) hippie of a something

 

2.

A : How's your mother doing these days?

B : Well, she isn't able to take care of herself. She ........................... .

 

A) needs to look after

B) needs look after

C) needs looking after

D) needs to be looking after

 

3.

A : What was his reaction to their decision?

B : He got ...................... and gave up.

 

A) frustrating

B) frustration

C) frustrate

D) frustrated

 

4. (a) The Amazon forest contains one third of all of the world's trees. (b) However, the Amazon's trees are disappearing due to massive logging that began more than thirty years ago. (c) Between 1972 and 1998, an area of forest the size of France was cut down. (d) In the worst of those years, in 1975, 4 percent of the remained trees were logged.

 

5. (a) Residents of Hawaii's Oahu island have the benefit of a world-class transportation service. (b) Known as "The Bus," Oahu's mass transit system is recognized as one of the best in the US. (c) It is so popular that about 260,000 people ride it on a daily basis. (d) In order to accommodate that many people, passengers are limited to carry-on baggages only.

 

 

 

♣ 정답 및 설명

 

1.

A : How was Darren in college?

B : Believe it or not, he was ....................... .

 

A) something of hippie

B) something of a hippie

C) hippie of something

D) hippie of a something

 

정답 B)

 

이런 표현은 알아놓고 말할 때 써 먹으면 좋습니다. 어떤 사람의 특징이 '약간 ~~하다' 라는

말을 하고 싶을 때 something of a 명사 를 사용합니다.

 

2.

A : How's your mother doing these days?

B : Well, she isn't able to take care of herself. She ........................... .

 

A) needs to look after

B) needs look after

C) needs looking after

D) needs to be looking after

 

정답 C)

 

she 가 돌봄을 당하는 입장이기 때문에 수동의 의미를 가진 것이 들어가야 합니다. 학생들은 

아무리 봐도 수동 형태인 be+pp 가 없어서 문제가 잘못된 것이 아닌가 하고 생각할 수도

있는데요. 아래 사항을 못 잡은 거죠.

 

need ~ing = need to be pp

 

만일 need to be pp 로 선택지가 나왔다면 바로 풀었겠죠. need ~ing 는 형태상으로 능동이지만

수동의 의미를 가지고 있다는 것을 기억하기 바랍니다.

 

 

3.

A : What was his reaction to their decision?

B : He got ...................... and gave up.

 

A) frustrating

B) frustration

C) frustrate

D) frustrated

 

정답 D)

 

frustrate 는 '좌절시키다' 란 의미인데요. he 가 좌절을 당한 것이므로 수동이기에 과거분사를

써야 합니다.

 

2019/05/04 - [Grammar Questions] - Q39 - 목적격 보어 자리에 올 수 있는 것 정리해 주세요

2019/06/20 - [Grammar Questions] - Q66 - with 명사 (목적어) 분사 정리 부탁 드려요

2019/04/26 - [Grammar Questions] - Q26 - 현재분사, 과거분사 차이가 뭔지 알려주세요

 

4. (a) The Amazon forest contains one third of all of the world's trees. (b) However, the Amazon's trees are disappearing due to massive logging that began more than thirty years ago. (c) Between 1972 and 1998, an area of forest the size of France was cut down. (d) In the worst of those years, in 1975, 4 percent of the remained trees were logged.

 

정답 d) remained → remaining

 

동사 were 가 나와 있으므로 여기서 remained 는 동사로 쓰인게 아닌 trees 를 수식하는 역할을

합니다. remain 은 자동사 이므로 명사를 수식할 때 과거분사로 할 수 없고 현재분사 (~Ing) 로

해야 합니다.

 

자동사는 수동태로 만들 수 없으므로 과거분사로 명사를 수식할 수 없다 꼭 기억하시길!!

 

2019/04/26 - [Grammar Questions] - Q26 - 현재분사, 과거분사 차이가 뭔지 알려주세요

 

5. (a) Residents of Hawaii's Oahu island have the benefit of a world-class transportation service. (b) Known as "The Bus," Oahu's mass transit system is recognized as one of the best in the US. (c) It is so popular that about 260,000 people ride it on a daily basis. (d) In order to accommodate that many people, passengers are limited to carry-on baggages only.

 

정답 d) baggages → baggage

 

baggage (수화물) 은 불가산명사 이므로 -s 를 붙일 수 없습니다.

참고로 luggage 역시 불가산명사로 쓰입니다.

 

수고하셨습니다. 내일부터 설 연휴가 시작되겠네요.

즐거운 시간 되기 바랍니다. 여기 호치민은 몇 일 전부터 이미 설 분위기 입니다^^

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