나의 문법 실력 테스트 67 - 관계대명사 관계부사 차이점

Posted by 크로스쌤
2019. 11. 17. 18:07 나의 문법 실력 테스트

1. (A. It) is the way (B. how) Susan draws pictures (C. that) makes her (D. unique).

2. Nirvana is the word (A. that) Hindus (B. use it) (C. to describe) (D. a sense) of inner peace.

3. China (A. has been aggressively researching) tests and a possible vaccine for SARS, (B. who) is believed to (C. have originated) in Guangdong in (D. late 2002).

4. One of the (A. small ironies) of history occurred in 1787, (B. then) the planners of Marietta, Ohio, discovered some (C. ancient remains) (D. at the center) of their new city.

5. He was the author (A. whom) I believed was (B. most likely) to receive the (C. coveted) award, and (D. I guess) everybody would (E. agree with) me.

6. Farmers provide crops (A. with) manure in areas (B. which) long (C. years of) cultivation has removed it (D. from) the soil.

7. In an attempt to control inflation (A. by eliminating) social security programs, (B. there are) ethical limits (C. beyond where) many economists and politicians are reluctant (D. to go).

 

 

♣ 정답 및 설명

 

1. (A. It) is the way (B. how) Susan draws pictures (C. that) makes her (D. unique).

정답 B) how 삭제

 

the way 관계부사 how 는 같이 쓸 수 없습니다.

2. Nirvana is the word (A. that) Hindus (B. use
it) (C. to describe) (D. a sense) of inner peace.

정답 B) it 삭제

 

중요한 문제죠. 관계 대명사 뒤에 불완문이 와야 하는데 그말은 선행사에 해당하는 명사가 뒤에

중복되서 나오면 안된다는 것입니다. 따라서 위 문제에서 선행사 the word 를 받는 it 를 또 쓸 수

없습니다.

 

3. China (A. has been aggressively researching) tests and a possible vaccine for SARS, (B. who) is believed to (C. have originated) in Guangdong in (D. late 2002).

정답 B) who which

 

선행사가 SARS 이므로 which

 

 

4. One of the (A. small ironies) of history occurred in 1787, (B. then) the planners of Marietta, Ohio, discovered some (C. ancient remains) (D. at the center) of their new city.

정답 B) then when

 

then 은 부사로 뒤에 주어 동사를 이끌 수가 없습니다. 뒤에 완문이 나왔고 1787 이란 시간을 받는

관계부사로 바꿔야 합니다.

 

5. He was the author (A. whom) <I believed> was (B. most likely) to receive the (C. coveted) award, and (D. I guess) everybody would (E. agree with) me.

정답 A) whom who

 

관계대명사 뒤에 나온 I thought, I belived 등은 빼도 관계없습니다. 따라서 was 란 동사가 나온 것이므로

주격인 who 로 받아야 합니다.

6. Farmers provide crops (A. with) manure in
areas (B. which) long (C. years of) cultivation has removed it (D. from) the soil.

정답 B) which where

 

뒤에 주어 동사 목적어의 완전한 문장이 나왔고 areas 가 장소에 해당하므로 관계분사 where 를 써 주어야

합니다.

 

다시한번

 

관계대명사+불완전한 문장, 관계부사+완전한 문장 기억하기 바랍니다!!

7. In an attempt to control inflation (A. by eliminating) social security programs, (B. there are) ethical limits (C. beyond
where) many economists and politicians are reluctant (D. to go).

정답 C) where which

 

관계부사=전치사+관계대명사 입니다. 전치사+관계부사 는 없습니다.

data-matched-content-rows-num="4" data-matched-content-columns-num="3" data-matched-content-ui-type="image_card_stacked">